What is a biologist?
A biologist is a scientist who studies life, specifically organisms and their relationship to their environment. In general, biologists study humans, animals, and bacteria to gain a better understanding of how the body works and how external factors influence each organism.
Biologists apply scientific methods to understand living organisms. In the context of biology, it is useful to consider life as a complex matter that can be analyzed by chemical and physical approaches. Biologists have been very successful in focusing on those processes that involve transformations of matter and energy.
Biologists cannot study all of life in their own lives. Thus, they divide the vastness of the living world into many different types of organisms and can limit their investigations to a particular type of organism or, alternatively, they can study particular aspects of different types of organisms and their interactions with each other.
What does a biologist do?
A biologist uses basic research methods to collect data, in order to prove or disprove theories about how organisms work, as well as to help find advances in medicine. They work with agriculture, develop new fruits and vegetables less susceptible to pests and pests, and make other agricultural improvements. Biological scientists can also work to help improve some industrial processes.
There are many types of biologists, but the two main subsections of science are macroscopic and microscopic. Macroscopic biology involves objects that are measurable and visible to the naked eye. On the other hand, microscopic biology requires microscopes to see the objects that are being studied. Most biologists are involved in both types of research at one point or another, so it might be more important to classify biologists by their subject of expertise.
What is the workplace of a biologist like?
Most biologists are employed by the government, a university, or a private industry laboratory. Many university biologists are also professors, so they spend part of their time teaching students research methods, helping with the development of student projects, as well as working on their own projects.
Biological scientists employed in private industry and by government are able to focus more on their projects and those assigned by their superiors. Some examples of biologists who would likely be working in private industry are zoologists and ecologists, who could be employed by zoos and environmental agencies.
As for the physical workplace, depending on the type of biology, the scientist could spend all his time in the laboratory, or most of his time in the field. Botanists, ecologists, and zoologists, for example, spend a great deal of time in the field, studying plants and animals in various climates and habitats while often living in primitive conditions. Marine biologists can spend a lot of time in the water.
In general, most biological scientists don’t experience much in the way of dangerous situations. Those who study dangerous or toxic organisms have a number of special precautions they take to prevent contamination and any possibility of spreading the virus or bacteria.
How do biologists study living organisms?
The big picture of life is too complex to be studied in its entirety by a single researcher. The world of living beings can be studied by dividing organisms into various types and specializing in one or another of them.
Within biology, classification systems of living organisms have been constructed that allow the relative isolation of one or another type of organism for organized research. Living organisms were subdivided into two groups: plants (La bónica) and animals (zoology). Biologists who study furry four-legged creatures that suckle their young (mammals) are called mammologists. Those who investigate soft-bodied animals with shells are malacologists. The study of simple plants such as mosses is done by bryologists.
The biological disciplines They can also be differentiated according to how living organisms are studied. For example, morphologists focus on the structure, while the physiologists consider function. The taxonomists They are engaged in the science of classification, and cytologists study cells, which are the basic units of all life. The environmentalists they deal with the interaction of organisms with each other and with their external environment. A relatively new branch of biology is molecular biology, which is the study of life in terms of the behavior of macromolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. Is this branch of biology which has allowed us to understand life at the molecular level and even change the hereditary characteristics of certain organisms to serve the needs of society.