The Customs Broker is the link between the exporter and the importer of a product, carrying out the necessary procedures to carry out the transaction.
What is the Customs Broker career about?
Each country has numerous laws aimed at controlling international trade, that is, the goods that enter or leave the country. In order to carry out an import or export transaction, it is necessary to complete several different procedures, which tend to be somewhat complex. Only once these procedures have been completed will the customs authority give authorization, regardless of the redundancy, for the entry / exit of the merchandise. The Customs Broker is a professional with full knowledge of customs regulations, and is authorized to manage these procedures, either for himself or on behalf of any of the parties. The Customs Broker is an indispensable element in the foreign trade of any country, since it is the only one that conscientiously handles the complex legal framework associated with these transactions.
Is it called the same in all countries?
Not necessarily, you can find this career under other names, such as Customs Broker, Customs Agent, Customs Agent, Customs Brokers, etc.
Why study Customs Broker?
You should consider this career if you are passionate about commerce, if you have skills for business relationships, if you have a facility to assimilate laws and regulations and to carry out paperwork. You must bear in mind that the Customs Broker is a person legally authorized to act as an intermediary in a commercial relationship between companies from different countries and the competent state authorities and, as such, plays a constant, necessary and irreplaceable role.
What tasks does a Customs Broker perform?
The Customs Broker advises the parties involved in a foreign trade operation on the steps to follow to conclude it. Provides information on trade tariffs, transportation taxes, and the transactions themselves. Once received, or known, the merchandise, it proceeds to its classification within the customs codes and the determination of the taxes that must be paid. Then it is in charge of preparing and presenting the documentation corresponding to the import / export to the customs authorities. It also acts before these authorities when any regulatory problem arises, since a delay due to a legal issue can lead to the failure of the commercial operation. With certain exceptions, in many countries the Customs Broker is the only one authorized to carry out these procedures, which increases the importance of his profession, both for traders and for customs authorities.
What is the job opportunity of the Customs Broker?
Although the professional of this discipline can work on issues related to the profession itself, such as teaching or on issues related to trade that are not directly related to foreign trade, the job opportunity of the Customs Broker is mostly limited in variety, which does not imply that he has little job opportunity. Whoever studies this career will be able to work independently, getting their own clients who require their services. They will also be able to work within the legal team of importing or exporting companies. His functions will also be required in different trading companies, and of course he will be able to get work in public agencies related to the customs function.
What is studied to be a Customs Broker?
First of all, you must bear in mind that the study plans can vary significantly between countries, since a good part of the curriculum will be related to internal customs regulations. However, some of the basic subjects you can find are: Computer Science, Administration, Technical English, Foreign Trade, Tariff Classification, Economics, Customs Law, Ethics, etc.
Advantages of studying Customs Broker:
Foreign trade is an ever-present activity in all countries, so you don’t run the risk of getting involved in a career that may cease to exist.
You would be a representative recognized by the State to carry out your work, which gives you prestige and guarantees that your tasks cannot be carried out by anyone.
Customs regulations are constantly changing, so your profession will not become monotonous, you should always be aware of the latest legal changes.
If you manage to adequately carry out the advisory work and carry out commercial operations for some clients, you will have a guaranteed flow of work.
Usually the courses to become a Customs Broker are not usually of long duration, so in a few years you will be able to be received and practicing.
Disadvantages of studying Customs Broker:
In many countries, in addition to previous studies, you will have to take certain standardized exams in order to be recognized as a Customs Broker by the State, be registered and be able to practice your profession, so that the studies do not end with the career.
The studies that you carry out in your country will most likely not be useful in other regions of the world, since the fundamental knowledge to acquire is related to internal customs regulations.
In this career, it will be difficult for you to diversify your job opportunities, since your studies will not be useful in many other professional fields.
In some Spanish-speaking countries you will find yourself in your professional practice with problems that you will have to solve and that will go beyond the normative issue and will go more hand in hand with unethical practices, unfortunately very common in the customs field.
As in general the courses are not taught by widely recognized universities or institutes, you should be careful to study in a place with an adequate level and whose diplomas are officially recognized.
Where to study to be a Customs Broker?
In Argentina: In the Private Institute of the Argentine Chamber of Commerce you can study the career of Higher Technician in Customs Law, which lasts 2 and a half years.
The Higher Technical Training Centers of the Government of the City of Buenos Aires offer a course of Higher Customs Technician, free of charge and with a duration of 3 years.
In the Foundation for Higher Studies in Commercial Sciences you have the career of Customs Clearance Technician, in this case with a duration of 2 years.
The Instituto de la Rivera offers the career of Customs Broker (Official Titles and with National Validity) with the title of Superior Technician in Customs Clearance and a duration of 5 semesters, it also offers Superior technician in Customs and Foreign Trade in the distance mode , with a duration of 3 years. At the course level, it offers the ATA (Customs Transport Agent) course, the SIM Course for Students and Graduates of the Higher Technician in Customs and Foreign Trade, also the ELA course (Free Customs Exam).
The National University of Lomas de Zamora (UNLZ) (Approved by Resolution No. 634/09. Ministry of Education) offers the career of Customs Broker with a duration of five semesters.
In Colombia: the Fundación Universitaria Panamericana offers training in Customs and Financial Operations with a duration of 3 years and face-to-face modality, it also offers training in Customs Recognition in 2 years.
The Corporación Universitaria de la Costa offers the Specialization in Customs and Exchange Tax Management, with a duration of 1 year.
The Universidad del Rosario offers the title of Specialist in Customs Law and Foreign Trade, face-to-face and a total of 26 credits.
The Inter-American Center of Tax Administrations (CIAT) offers the basic course in Customs, with a duration of 13 weeks, in Spanish and face-to-face.
The Comfanorte FESC Higher Studies Foundation offers a tertiary career in Customs Processes and grants the title of Professional Technician in Customs Processes, the training lasts for 2 years.
The Colombian Chamber of Commerce offers training and seminars in Customs Law worth COP $ 690,000 (2015 Values), aimed at Consultants and professionals who are responsible for carrying out international trade activities in medium and large companies. It also offers the Update of customs status, Import procedures, Exchange regime, Export procedures and International management.
In Ecuador: In Quito, the Equinoctial Technological University (UTE) in the Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences offers a degree in Foreign Trade, Integration and Customs, divided into 9 levels and with a total of 250 credits.
In Spain: Comillas Pontifical University, Madrid, has the Customs Management Specialist course, which lasts 331 teaching hours. The Catholic University of Valencia offers a Master in Customs Management, lasting 1 year. Meanwhile, the University of Valencia offers the Master in Customs Law of the European Union, with distance modality and a duration of 200 hours. You can also opt for the 32-hour distance course offered by the Santa Cruz de Tenerife Chamber of Commerce: Customs management and taxation of international trade. In Barcelona, the College of Customs Agents of Barcelona (coacab) can be attended in person Customs Clearance (initial basic training) and also the online postgraduate course of Customs Agent and Customs Representative-Economic Operator, has a duration of 750 and is directed to people interested in the field of taxation and international logistics and to know the possibilities and resources of customs regulations.
In Mexico: At the Mexican University (UNIMEX) you can take a Bachelor’s Degree in International Trade and Customs, which lasts 3 years and 4 months.
In Paraguay: The National Customs Directorate offers the Customs Technical Career that lasts 1,382 academic hours, with an approximate extension of 2 and a half years.
In Peru: The National Superintendency of Customs and Tax Administration, regulator of customs activity in Peru, offers the Customs Agents Training Course for 12 months. Universidad Inca Garcilaso de la Vega offers a face-to-face course in Management and ports and customs with the final degree of Bachelor of Port and Customs Management.
The Instituto Superior Tecnológico IDAT offers the Complementation Program of the Office Assistant Course …