Cinema is one of the most important and popular creative industries of our time, as well as being an extraordinary means of mass communication.
As its name indicates, the film critic is a person who is dedicated to the study, analysis and appreciation of films, either from an academic point of view or in a journalistic way. Therefore, their work consists mainly of giving an opinion and, in this way, stipulating the characteristics and nature of the cinematographic discourse. As if that were not enough, the film critic must have an artistic sensitivity and excellent communication skills to be able to reveal what the films really want to tell us.
To be a film critic in Argentina, one must study “Image and sound design” or a degree in “Audiovisual Arts”; in Brazil the degree in “Visual Arts”; in Colombia you also need to study a degree in “Audiovisual Arts”; in Spain “Audiovisual Communication” and in Mexico the degree in “Cinematography”.
What does a film critic do?
A film critic is a professional who has a specific preparation that allows him to study, analyze, appreciate and fully understand the cinematographic discourse and everything related to it. In this way, a film critic has the possibility of seeing what is behind a film, thus differentiating himself from the common viewer.
Likewise, a film critic must be able to capture the message that a film wants to convey to us and make it understandable to the rest of the audience. In fact, he also has the ability to be part of the creative team that makes a film, so he can work in different places.
What do you study to be a film critic?
To be a film critic, one studies mainly everything that has to do with the production of cinematographic discourse. For this reason, subjects on cinematographic language, direction, cinematography, editing, sound, production, film history, editing, script, post-production, visual and aesthetic communication, image and perception, as well as film criticism and theory are generally studied.
Why study to be a film critic?
For many, cinema is actually an art that requires serious knowledge and technical skills that help convey a specific message and, above all, a particular aesthetic. Therefore, cinematography in general is a very popular and efficient means of communication today.
In this way, the film critic is a person who can play a very important role in deciphering the message that films or a director want to convey to us. In addition, it helps us understand what cinema is and why it is important to our lives.
Finally, the film critic can influence the elaboration of a particular cinematographic discourse, thus producing certain types of feelings and opinions.
Advantages of studying to be a film critic.
The film student has the advantage of knowing a myriad of cultures different from his own, which are expressed through films and the language of cinema. Likewise, you have the possibility of developing a set of technical skills that help you generate a speech and convey a specific message. Also, film critics have extensive knowledge of other issues that have an impact on the understanding of a film, such as the historical context or the life of a director.
Disadvantages of studying to be a film critic.
Among the main disadvantages of studying to be a film critic, we find that very few universities or higher education institutions offer courses or studies of this type. To this we must add that the degree has grown in demand, that is, more and more people are interested in pursuing these studies, but this increase in students eager to start training is not consistent with the number of options in terms of institutions that They offer the degree.
In Argentina: The University of Buenos Aires offers the undergraduate degree in “Image and Sound Design”, which lasts four years. The National University of La Plata, through its Faculty of Fine Arts, has a degree in “Audiovisual Arts” with orientation in theory and criticism, which lasts five years. At the National University Institute of Art you can study a degree in “Audiovisual Arts”, with a total duration of four years.
In Brazil: The State University of Rio de Janeiro is the best institution to study the degree in “Visual Arts” which lasts four years.
In Colombia: The National University has the option of studying a bachelor’s degree in “Audiovisual Arts with a total duration of four years divided into eight semesters. UNITEC offers undergraduate studies in” Audiovisual Arts “that have a duration of four and a half years.
In Spain: At the Complutenses University there are undergraduate studies in “Audiovisual Communication” whose duration is two years. At the Pompeu Fabra University you can study a degree in “Audiovisual Communication” for four years.
In Mexico: The National Autonomous University of Mexico, through its University Center for Cinematographic Studies, offers a degree in “Cinematography”, which lasts five years. The Cinematographic Training Center has a Bachelor’s Degree in Cinematography that lasts for nine semesters, that is, four and a half years.