With one of the most peculiar Higher Education systems in Latin America, Uruguay offers interesting training proposals to consider.
What makes Uruguay an interesting country in terms of its training offer? We could say that the structure of its Higher Education system is at least striking and if you are inquiring about your possibilities of insertion in the world of higher education in the country, you should know the pertinent details.
The peculiarity of the Uruguayan Higher Education system is the fact that it has only one public university. This is none other than the University of the Republic, which over 150 years had a hegemonic role with regard to Higher Education, since this was the only institution of the higher level, the one that taught so many educational programs university, such as tertiary studies.
For about 30 years the trend has changed, since the arrival on the scene of the first private university in the country, the Catholic University of Uruguay. Until then, what today is the current Private Tertiary Education System had not been established, since until now higher tertiary education was owned by the University of the Republic.
Why is it important for you to know this? Because to understand the structure of the higher education system in Uruguay and to be able to decide the type of institution in which you will study, surely these are elementary details to contemplate.
How is the Uruguayan Higher Education system made up?
To better understand the structure of Higher Education in Uruguay, we can say that there is a university sector and a non-university sector in the country.
In the first group can be found public and autonomous higher level institutions, non-autonomous public institutions and private institutions.
In the non-university sector, also corresponding to the level of Higher Education, we find autonomous public institutions and non-autonomous public institutions.
If we speak exclusively of the type of institution that belongs to each sector, we must mention the universities, university institutes, centers for teacher training and improvement and higher schools.
University of the Republic
We said before that one of the peculiarities of Uruguay was the fact that it had a single public university, this is the University of the Republic, the largest in the country. Currently this institution has 14 faculties, various schools and university institutes, in addition to its five regional centers that are distributed in other Uruguayan departments, outside of Montevideo.
At the University of the Republic, undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate and continuing education degrees are offered, in addition to carrying out scientific research activities at the national level.
This university belongs to the university sector as an autonomous public institution.
Private universities and colleges
5 universities and 10 university institutes correspond to the private university sector. These also represent the university tertiary level and are dedicated to covering areas of professional and scientific knowledge.
In this kind of institution the student will be able to find careers in engineering, human and social sciences, health sciences and even in some of them they can access more specialized training in the technical or business field.
These universities and university institutes do not receive funding from the Uruguayan State.
Teacher training and improvement centers
All the pedagogical centers dedicated to the training of teachers and professors belong to the National Public Education Administration. This is a public and autonomous non-university institution and is in charge of providing higher education to those interested in teaching.
There are in Uruguay, within this category, regional teacher training institutes and centers.
When we speak of higher schools in Uruguay we refer to all those institutions that belong to the military and police educational system. In this case, the student will be able to find institutions of the non-autonomous public university sector and institutions of the non-autonomous public non-university sector.
The Military School, the Military Institute of Arms and Specialties, the Military Institute of Higher Studies, the Naval Academy and the War College, grant degrees at the level of Bachelor of Military Sciences or Naval Systems.
Higher degrees in Uruguay
Uruguay’s higher education system has simplified its degree policy, largely summarizing them into two variables: undergraduate degrees and postgraduate degrees. These can be obtained at the University of the Republic or at private universities and private university institutes.
To obtain a bachelor’s degree in Uruguay, a study program of an average duration of 1,800 class hours must be taken, which is equivalent to a minimum period of 4 years.
Postgraduate degrees in Uruguay are: specialization, whose minimum duration is one year; the master’s degree with a program that lasts an average of two years; and the doctorate that has a minimum duration of three years.
You will also be able to access technical degrees, in this case they are tertiary degrees issued by university schools of the University of the Republic or universities and private university institutes. This kind of degree can be obtained within three years of study and completed.
Where to study in Uruguay?
The Uruguayan capital, that is, the city of Montevideo, has the best conditions for student life. Not only because it is the commercial, administrative and economic center of the country, but also because this city is the central headquarters of the vast majority of universities and university institutes in Uruguay, where the central house of the University of the Republic is located.
The fact that this very important university in Uruguay has opened its regional university centers, has made it possible for students from the interior of the country to access closer training centers. For this reason, regions such as Paysandú, Tacuarembó, Salto or Maldonado, also have an interesting training offer to take into account.