Journalism is responsible for the investigation and communication of information through the mass media.
Did you always know that you wanted to be a journalist? No. It happened naturally. What motivated you to pursue this career? The…
What is Journalism about?
Journalism is an ancient discipline that is responsible for collecting information of all kinds and through various methods, in order to communicate it to the public through different media, which can be graphic, radio, television and, for a short time, the digital journalism, through the internet. The topics transmitted by the Journalist are even more varied than the media themselves, and can range from mere current news, through sports, political, economic, social, police, entertainment news, etc. Likewise, the formats used for the investigation, to gather the information necessary to carry out the journalistic task and to transmit it to the public can vary from an interview, a chronicle, an infographic, an editorial note, a documentary, an opinion note. , etc. Journalism has taken such relevance in the modern world that it is considered the “fourth estate”, behind the three traditional republican systems.
Is it called the same everywhere?
In general, you will find the career with two basic names: the traditional one of Journalism or Communication Sciences, although you can also find it under the name of Information Sciences.
Why study Journalism?
You should study journalism if you are passionate about news, if you like to communicate and think you have communication skills, speaking skills, etc. If you manage to awaken the attention of others with your words, and even if you are passionate about any of the different branches of Journalism: sports, entertainment, political, war journalism, etc. One of the great advantages of this career is that it offers you numerous alternatives and combinations, so you can choose this career with a view to combining a particular format and subject, for example, sports journalism on radio.
What tasks does a Journalist perform?
The remarkable variety of forms and subjects also affects the Journalist’s tasks. According to your preferences or the job that you have to perform, you will be able to carry out one or more of these tasks: search for sources; investigation; production of written articles, reports or radio columns, television programs or segments; journalistic production; conducting interviews; layout or editing of a journalistic production; writing for a blog or online newspaper; etc. There is no exhaustive delimitation of the journalist’s tasks, which enriches the profession, but can be in charge of any matter related to the investigation, preparation or communication of information.
What is the job opportunity of Journalism?
Hand in hand with the breadth of tasks performed by a Journalist, there is an immense variety of job opportunities available to professionals in this profession. One of them, not directly related to the practice of Journalism, but very relevant, thanks to the expansion of studies related to the career, is teaching, whether at an undergraduate, university, tertiary or postgraduate level. You can also practice your profession in the writing of a newspaper or magazine, either in writing or proofreading; as a reporter for graphic, radio or television media; advertising and marketing agencies also often hire journalists for content creation; Government agencies, renowned companies, institutions of all kinds and public figures usually have a press, communication or information team at their disposal. With the expansion of journalistic production through the web, many job opportunities have also opened up, similar to those of traditional media, but in relation to blogs, web pages or simply to the digital editions of traditional media. There are also job opportunities linked to non-common areas of the profession, such as image consulting or public relations.
What is studied in Journalism?
Some of the subjects that you will probably find in most of the Journalism careers are: Communication, Public Opinion, Semiotics, Audiovisual Production, Radio Production, Graphic Production, Information Analysis, Linguistics, History, Expression, Journalistic Ethics, etc.
Advantages of Studying Journalism:
As it is a traditional career, you have the security of maintaining the profession over time. You do not run the risk of studying a “fashionable” career.
You have numerous courses to become a Journalist, of different levels of complexity and durations, at your choice.
It is a profession that, although it lasts, is notoriously satisfactory, since you are in charge of transmitting information to the public, which is always very grateful.
The variety of formats and topics related to Journalism allow you to adapt your career to your tastes. Whether you like to write, speak or communicate through the image, you can select your preferred format and then dedicate yourself within it to the subject of your preference: sport, politics, economy, entertainment, etc.
If you are interested in working on your own, there is a significant amount of freelance journalistic work waiting for you.
The job opportunity is notoriously wide, not only within journalism, but you can use your knowledge in all kinds of professional sectors.
Removing the specific knowledge of the reality of your country, the rest of your instruction will serve you to work anywhere in the world.
Disadvantages of Studying Journalism:
It is considered a risk profession. This will depend on the country where you practice your profession, but in some of them journalists are sometimes persecuted for their work.
You must be careful not to choose low-level courses and, above all, that they are not officially recognized.
The beginnings of your career, until you manage to make a name for yourself in the discipline, can be tough, dedicating yourself to tasks that are not necessarily to your liking.
Not all Journalists manage to complete their careers in their preferred journalistic format, as well as in relation to their preferred topics.
Depending on where you work as a Journalist, the traditional independence of opinions linked to the discipline will not always be present. In some media you must represent the editorial line imposed by your bosses.
Where to study Journalism?
In Argentina: The Bachelor of Science in Communication at the UBA lasts 7 years. The first corresponds to the Common Basic Cycle, while in the last you will carry out the career orientation. At the National University of La Plata you have a Bachelor’s Degree in Social Communication, with a duration of 5 years. One of the most recommended private institutes to study Journalism is TEA. There you can do the career of Senior Technician in Journalism, for 3 years. You also have a short degree, a Diploma in Online Digital Journalism, which lasts 1 year and a half. ISEC also offers you a Higher Technique in Journalism, also for 3 years.
In Spain: The Complutense University of Madrid offers you a 4-year Bachelor’s Degree in Journalism. The same degree and with the same duration can be found at the Rey Juan Carlos University, another of the recommended ones, which also offers 1-year master’s degrees in Cultural Journalism or Economic Journalism. Another possibility is to do the same degree, for the same number of years, at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Here you can also do the 1-year University Master’s Degree in Research in Communication and Journalism, or the Doctorate in Communication and Journalism.
In Mexico: The BA in Communication and Journalism from UNAM, which is taught at FES Aragón, lasts 4 years. At the University of Monterrey you can do a Bachelor’s Degree in Information and Communication Sciences, for which you must complete 324 academic credits. Meanwhile, the Bachelor of Communication at the Universidad Iberoamericana lasts 4 years.
In Panama: The Santa María la Antigua Catholic University offers a Master’s Degree in Journalism with a duration of 1 year.
In Uruguay: At the University of the Republic you can take a Bachelor of Communication Sciences, a career that lasts 4 years.
Curious fact: Probably the largest and most imposing newspaper edition in history is in the hands of the Illuminated Quadruple Constellation, which in its edition honoring the 80th anniversary of the United States, on July 4, 1856, had no better idea than to produce the equivalent of 30 common novels. The dimensions of the leaves were enormous: 2.44 meters high by 1.83 meters wide. The strangest thing is that this edition did not contain advertisements of any kind. Could anyone have read the whole newspaper that day?