Speech therapy is the discipline that treats the inconveniences, dysfunctions or disorders of language, voice, hearing and communication. His field encompasses both oral and written language, being useful for diagnosing, preventing and treating disorders related to these areas.
Speech therapists work with people of any age, whatever the cause (organic, functional or adaptive) that produces the disorders. In the youngest children it is an enormous help to improve their communication, while in adults it is appropriate to treat linguistic problems as a result of age, accidents or any other type of disorder.
What is studied in speech therapy?
The career to become a Speech Therapist is integrated into what is known as Health Sciences, and is oriented to the clinical area.
As their field encompasses both oral and written language, graduates of Speech Therapy must have an interdisciplinary character. They focus on language and communication from different angles: medical, psychological, linguistic and educational.
Human communication is very complex and many factors intervene and it is one of the most essential elements of human behavior. Any inconvenience in these these capacities causes setbacks in people’s lives. Speech therapy is responsible for the prevention, evaluation, diagnosis and restoration of these problems in order to improve communication and people’s lives.
Is it called the same everywhere?
Speech therapy is also known as speech therapy, speech therapy, or speech therapy. In some countries, speech therapy exists as a university degree and in others there are only courses and workshops in this discipline. In general, these courses and workshops are aimed at professionals such as pedagogues, psychologists, clinical doctors, psychopedagogues, sociologists, child educators, etc. who specialize in said discipline.
Where does a speech therapist work?
The Speech Therapy graduate works directly with children and adults who suffer from a wide variety of problems such as hearing impairment, autism, voice problems, stuttering, brain accidents, intellectual disabilities, language delays and many others. The role of the speech therapist is to establish, promote, facilitate and strengthen communication.
Being a specialist in communication and language, she can work in multiple and different environments, in addition, speech therapy is among the professions that allow setting up a private practice as a self-employed worker and helping others to communicate better. The speech therapist can work in private consultations, early stimulation centers, singular education centers, convalescent units, outpatient care, Health centers, Medical Specialty Centers, Linguistic Research Centers, Educational Centers or Nurseries (early stimulation).
In addition, recently many companies and private organizations have incorporated departments related to the work of the Speech therapist and communication.
Where to study Speech Therapy?
In Spain you can find it at the Pontifical University of Salamanca, University of Coruña, University of Oviedo, Autonomous University of Barcelona, University of Malaga, University of Granada, Ramon Llull University, University of Valladolid, University of La Laguna, Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir, University of Valencia, among several others.
Advantages of studying Speech Therapy
Being disciplines involved in rehabilitating and helping people affected by language disorders, the work of the speech therapist can be very rewarding.
The profession of speech therapist is of recent creation and has an enormous future projection and a growing social recognition.
Disadvantages of studying speech therapy
Being a relatively young and recently created career, many hospitals do not have a speech therapy rehabilitation area and are often referred to private consultations or associations, so there are not many vacancies in hospitals.