What is Basic Vocational Training?
The Vocational Training studies of the educational system are the regulated teachings most connected to the reality of the labor market. They try to respond to the need for qualified personnel specialized in the different sectors of activity. To that end, they are organized into training cycles grouped in professional families and at different levels aimed at students with different entry profiles. The first level is the one corresponding to the Basic Vocational Training.
Cycles Basic Vocational Training (Basic FP) are studies volunteers that have a duration of two academic years and they are aimed at people who have not completed ESO and want to continue their formal training. These are studies of compulsory and free offer. These cycles can become a motivating opportunity for students who have had difficulties during Compulsory Secondary Education and have not achieved a degree.
The Basic Vocational Training cycles contemplate methodological measures adapted to the specific characteristics of the students, which include tutoring and tutoring. educational and professional orientation, in order to guarantee the social inclusion of all students.
Access to Basic FP
To access a Basic Vocational Training cycle, the student has to fulfill simultaneously with the following requirements:
- Be 15 years old or complete them during the current year and not exceed 17 years at the time of accessing or throughout the calendar year in which the cycle is accessed.
- Have completed 3rd year of ESO. Exceptionally, it can be accessed after completing the 2nd year of ESO.
- Having received a recommendation from the ESO teaching team, with the consent of the legal guardians.
Structure of Basic Vocational Training
Each Basic VET cycle is organized into professional modules and responds to a professional profile that will include, as a minimum, units of competence of a complete professional qualification of level 1 of the National Catalog of Professional Qualifications.
The modules in which each cycle is structured are:
- Modules associated with units of competence of the National Catalog of Professional Qualifications that refer to the professional field of study.
- Modules associated with common blocks from:
- Communication and society: Spanish Language, Foreign Language, Social Sciences and Co-official Language (if any).
- Applied Sciences: Mathematics applied to the personal and learning context of a professional field, Sciences applied to the personal and learning context in a professional field.
- Module workplace training (FCT).
After passing a Basic FP cycle, the student will obtain the Basic Professional Title corresponding to the studies completed, valid throughout the national territory.
Basic professional qualifications allow access to intermediate level training cycles (CFGM). Occupationally, they have the same effects as the title of Graduate in Compulsory Secondary Education.
It should also be remembered that a basic professional title allows you to obtain the title of Graduate in Compulsory Secondary Education by passing the final evaluation test of Compulsory Secondary Education, which would make it possible to join the Baccalaureate. The Basic Vocational Training cycles constitute, therefore, an opportunity for students to regain interest in regulated training that has continuity in different academic itineraries.
Basic VET cycles
The current Basic Vocational Training cycles are listed below. Some titles belong to more than one professional family, that is why they appear twice in the list. Note that not in all autonomous communities all cycles are taught, That is why it is essential that you consult the academic offer of your community.
|Professional family||Basic Vocational Training Titles|
|Physical and sports activities||– Access and Conservation in Sports Facilities|
|Administration and management||– Office Informatics
– Administrative services
|Agrarian||– Agricultural Activities
– Agrogardening and Floral Compositions
– Forest Exploitation
|Graphic arts||– Graphic arts|
|Trade and Marketing||– Commercial services|
|Building and Civil Works||– Reform and Maintenance of Buildings|
|Electricity and electronic||– Electricity and electronic
– Manufacture of Metallic Elements
– Electrotechnical and Mechanical Installations
|Mechanical manufacturing||– Manufacture of Metallic Elements
– Manufacturing and assembly
– Electrotechnical and Mechanical Installations
|Hostel and Tourism||– Bakery and Pastry Activities
– Accommodation and Laundry
– Kitchen and Restoration
|Personal image||– Hairdressing and aesthetics|
|Food industries||– Bakery and Pastry Activities
– Food industries
|IT and Communications||– Office Informatics
– Informatics and Communications
|Instalation and maintenance||– Manufacturing and assembly
– Home Maintenance
|Wood, Furniture and Cork||– Carpentry and Furniture|
|Maritime – Fishing||– Maritime-Fishing Activities
– Maintenance of Sports and Recreation Boats
|Sociocultural and Community Services||– Household Activities and Building Cleaning|
|Textile, Clothing and Leather||– Repair and Repair of Textile and Leather Articles
– Upholstery and Curtains
|Vehicle Transport and Maintenance||– Maintenance of Sports and Recreation Boats
– Vehicle maintenance
|Glass and Ceramics||– Glass and Pottery|
Organic Law 3/2020, of December 29, which modifies Organic Law 2/2006, of May 3, on Education.
Royal Decree 774/2015, of August 28, which establishes six Basic Vocational Training qualifications from the catalog of Vocational Training courses.
Royal Decree 356/2014, of May 16, which establishes seven titles of Basic Vocational Training.
Royal Decree 127/2014, of February 28, which regulates specific aspects of Basic Vocational Training.