Saltar al contenido

Common framework of reference for languages

marzo 31, 2021
MarcoEnsenanzaIdiomas Common framework of reference for languages

The Common European Framework of Reference for languages: learning, teaching and assessment (CEFR) is a standard to measure the level of oral and written comprehension and expression in a language. It is part of the Council of Europe’s language policy project, which has unified the guidelines for language learning and teaching within the European context.
MarcoEnsenanzaIdiomas Common framework of reference for languages
The common reference levels are six, and allow the homologation of the different degrees issued by the different official bodies. The organization of the levels is grouped into three blocks: basic, intermediate and advanced.

Figure 1. Scheme of the three common reference levels

Source: Cervantes Virtual Center

Level A: Basic user
Level A1 (Access) Can understand and use frequently used everyday expressions, as well as simple phrases designed to satisfy immediate needs. You can introduce yourself and others, ask for and give basic personal information about your home, your belongings, and the people you know. You can relate in an elementary way as long as the other person speaks slowly and clearly and is willing to cooperate.
Level A2 (Platform) He is able to understand frequently used phrases and expressions related to areas of expertise that are especially relevant to him (basic information about himself and his family, shopping, places of interest, occupations, etc.). He knows how to communicate when carrying out simple, everyday tasks that do not require more than simple and direct exchanges of information on familiar or common issues. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his past and surroundings as well as matters related to his immediate needs.
Level B: Independent user
Level B1 (Threshold) He is able to understand the main points of clear texts and in standard language if they deal with issues that are familiar to him, whether in work, study or leisure situations. He knows how to handle most of the situations that may arise during a trip through areas where the language is used. He is able to produce simple and coherent texts on topics that are familiar to him or in which he has a personal interest. You can describe experiences, events, wishes and aspirations, as well as briefly justify your opinions or explain your plans.
Level B2 (Advanced) He is able to understand the main ideas of complex texts that deal with both concrete and abstract topics, even if they are of a technical nature as long as they are within his field of specialization. You can interact with native speakers with a sufficient degree of fluency and naturalness so that communication is carried out without effort on the part of either of the interlocutors. You can produce clear and detailed text on a variety of topics, as well as defend a point of view on general topics by indicating the pros and cons of different options.
Level C: Proficient user
Level C1 (Effective operational mastery) Can understand a wide variety of demanding and long texts, as well as recognize implicit meanings. Can express himself fluently and spontaneously without very obvious signs of effort to find the right expression. You can make flexible and effective use of language for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well structured and detailed texts on topics of a certain complexity, showing a correct use of the mechanisms of organization, articulation and cohesion of the text.
Level C2 (Master’s degree) Can easily understand almost everything he or she hears or reads. Can reconstruct information and arguments from various sources, whether in spoken or written language, and present them in a coherent and summarized manner. You can express yourself spontaneously, fluently and with a degree of precision that allows you to differentiate small nuances of meaning even in more complex situations.

Source: Instituto Cervantes

The Cervantes Institute has edited the translation of the document of the common frame of reference where you can see in detail the explanation and justification of this text and the different scales that serve to measure the level of language.

Learn about the exams that you can take to obtain an official language certification, as well as the centers where you can take a language course.