Studying is an activity that requires the greatest possible concentration. If your ability to concentrate is weak, there are numerous concentration techniques that help you direct your attention to a single taskIn this case, the subject matter itself that must be understood and internalized.
The ability to concentrate can be improved with a series of habits. Before starting to study, you have to create suitable circumstances for it:
- Always study in the same place, whether it is the room, the library or another space that we choose, making sure that it is a quiet place, without noise or distractions and in which we have all the necessary tools nearby, from textbooks to pens, calculators, etc.
- Facing the study rested, after having slept well. It is also essential to take a break every 45 minutes and “take the air” every so often. Eating in excess in the moments before or sitting down to study hungry impairs concentration.
- As for lighting, it is convenient make the most of natural light (avoiding direct light). If artificial light is used, the place will have to have general and spot lighting. Good ventilation also helps. White and blue lights are the most advisable and, where possible, it is recommended to avoid LED lights and large fluorescent lights.
- Adopt a suitable ergonomic posture, with the back straight and the head slightly inclined forward. Legs and thighs should be at a 90 degree angle, with feet on the floor. Make sure that the neck is in a straight position and the shoulders are without tension. The study chair should adjust to various heights, have lumbar support and armrests.
- Get used to order. A messy table wastes time looking for what is needed at all times and also causes unnecessary distractions.
Techniques to achieve greater concentration
To be more efficient when it comes to studying, learn the following key guidelines and exercises to improve your concentration.
one. Planning. Organize in advance the syllabus to study and then not consuming study time in doing it and planning at what time and how much study time is going to be dedicated to each section, they will allow you not to waste energy and improve concentration. For example, if you establish a schedule from 4 to 5 in the afternoon each day, it will be easier for you to render from that time, since you have reserved that time specifically for studying.
two. Breathing. Before starting to study dedicate five minutes to relax as follows: sit in a comfortable position and close your eyes, breathe slowly and deeply, noticing how the whole process of introducing and expelling air takes place. If any thoughts present themselves at that moment, try to reject them and return to concentrating on the breath.
3. Reading. Reading is a great way to teach the brain to focus. For 30 minutes before starting to study, silently reading a text outside the notes, such as a novel, helps to isolate ourselves from other distractions and facilitates the transition towards a study attitude.
Four. Fixation. Pick an object around you and, for two minutes, focus on analyzing it in detail, including colors and shapes. You can also look at the movement of the watch’s second hand during the same time. It is important not to let any other thoughts enter your mind. This exercise is a good training to later apply it, for longer periods, to the subject of study in which it is necessary to remember the visualized ones.
5. Isolation. If you are in a time when you suffer from worries that prevent you from concentrating, a technique that helps is to fix a specific space and time for it. In addition, you can establish a word or phrase that allows you to refocus when a distraction disturbs you. It can be a word like “concentrated” or “not now.” It is also important to avoid distractions by employing tactics such as put the mobile on silence or choose a place without noise. Remember that music can be an ally for motivation, but it is preferable study in silence. If you need it, make sure it is relaxing and has no lyrics.
6. Pauses. It is necessary to take breaks during the study to increase productivity. Some time management methods, such as the pomodoro technique, will allow you to increase concentration by dividing the time into intervals of activity and rest. During breaks you can offer yourself rewards to recharge your batteries and get back to work.
7. Last chance. Imagining that it is the last time we have to study the agenda in front of us can be an excellent help to avoid distractions and put all our effort into it.
Practicing these concentration techniques every day will improve performance when it comes to studying. Keep in mind that concentration is a skill that develops with perseverance and willpower.
Discover different recommendations, guidelines and study techniques to focus and apply yourself better when studying.