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Description of the Baccalaureate –

marzo 31, 2021

What is the Baccalaureate?

The high school It is the last stage of Secondary Education, it is voluntary and its duration is two years, normally it takes place between 16 and 18 years of age. It is developed in different modalities, in a flexible way and being able to take different paths within each modality in order to offer a more specialized training taking into account the professional interests of the students.

The studies of this stage have the following purposes

  • Give one General formation, favoring greater intellectual and personal maturity, as well as a greater capacity to acquire a wide range of knowledge and skills.
  • Settle the bases for further studies, both university and professional training.
  • Encourage critical thinking to consolidate a intellectual and personal maturity that allows to join the active life with responsibility and competence.

To access the Baccalaureate it is necessary that you have the title of graduate in Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO). Upon successful completion of your studies, you will receive the title of Bachelor, in any of its forms.

In short, the Baccalaureate should help you acquire both an intellectual and human maturity as well as the knowledge and skills to develop yourself in society with responsibility and competence, and once you have finished joining the labor market or follow further studies.

Duration of the Baccalaureate

These studies are normally performed in two years which is equivalent to the two academic courses (1st and 2nd of Baccalaureate), exceptionally it can be taken in three years for the night Baccalaureate modality.

The students will be able to study the Baccalaureate in a maximum of four years in ordinary regime. The latter does not affect people who do it through another teaching regime such as the adult or distance modality.

How to access the Baccalaureate?

To access the Baccalaureate you must be in possession of one of the following qualifications:

High School Promotion

During the Baccalaureate a continuous assessment of the different subjects.

For promote from first to second gradeYou have to have all the subjects passed or have a negative evaluation in a maximum of two subjects. If you have three or more failed subjects, you will have to repeat 1st year of Baccalaureate.

If you promote to the second year without having passed all the subjects, you will have to enroll in the pending subjects from the previous year. The centers organize activities for the recovery and evaluation of pending matters.

To get the Baccalaureate degree you have to have all the subjects passed. If after completing 2nd year of Baccalaureate you have failed subjects, you can enroll and take only the failed subjects.

The measures adopted by the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training as a result of the health crisis of COVID-19 allow educational centers to make the criteria for promotion from 1st to 2nd of Baccalaureate more flexible, as long as it is authorized by the Ministry of Education of the autonomous community.

The grade repetition will be considered an exceptional measure. A global evaluation will be carried out in which failures will no longer be the only criterion to decide if the student goes on to the next year.

Can I change my Baccalaureate modality?

If at the beginning of 1st year of Baccalaureate you decide to change the modality, you can do so, but you must first consult with the educational center.

In the case of wanting to change the modality in 2nd year of Baccalaureate, this process is possible, but also more expensive than the one previously mentioned since you must comply with a series of conditions, such as passing the core subjects of choice and those specific to the new modality .

Legislation of the Baccalaureate

Organic Law 8/2013, of December 9, for the improvement of educational quality.

Organic Law 2/2006, of May 3, on Education.

Royal Decree-Law 5/2016, of December 9, on urgent measures to extend the calendar for the implementation of Organic Law 8/2013, of December 9, to improve educational quality.

Royal Decree 310/2016, of July 29, which regulates the final evaluations of Compulsory Secondary Education and Baccalaureate.

Royal Decree 1105/2014, of December 26, which establishes the basic curriculum for Compulsory Secondary Education and Baccalaureate.

Royal Decree 1467/2007 of November 2, which establishes the structure of the Baccalaureate and fixes on its minimum teachings.

Keep reading the structure of the Baccalaureate, the modalities in which it is taught, the outings and connections with other studies or the criteria for choosing a Baccalaureate center to learn more about these studies.