Diplomats are public officials who work in the protection and promotion of the interests of the Spanish state, and for justice, prosperity and security throughout the world. They work for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, either within the country or in embassies, high commissioners and consulates abroad. The Diplomatic Service protects and promotes the interests of Spain abroad and works for justice, prosperity and security throughout the world. Diplomats advise and support ministers, and implement Spain’s foreign policy.
International issues can be very complex, potentially involving problems such as child abduction, conflict prevention, forced marriages, fighting terrorism, climate change, trade and investment. Diplomats are experts in managing all these conflicts.
Diplomats work within Spain and in diplomatic missions abroad (known as embassies and consulates).
They could perform a number of specialized functions within diplomatic missions, for example working as political agents, commercial officials, information officers, press and public affairs officials, entry visa administrative management officials or consular officials.
Political diplomats are responsible for investigating and monitoring political, economic and social developments in the host country (where the embassy is based) and communicating them to their country. To do this, they read newspapers in great detail, and interview politicians, public officials, and people like business leaders.
They closely monitor the host country’s relations with other countries, and its political attitude towards their country. They also advise the host country on decisions made in their home country.
An important aspect of a diplomat’s job includes promoting national business interests abroad. Commercial and investment agents must understand the local business environment and subsequently advise Spanish companies. For example, they give advice to Spanish companies when they are thinking about exporting goods or investing in the host country.
Diplomats in charge of the press and public affairs are responsible for promoting national politics abroad, informing local media and other opinion-forming media, and answering general questions about Spain.
Consular work involves helping and guiding Spanish citizens who are abroad (that is, in the country where said diplomat works), for example, if they have lost their passport or if they have run out of money. They could also be involved in immigration work, such as processing visa applications submitted by people of other nationalities who wish to visit Spain.
Administrative diplomats are responsible for the budgets of the embassy and the day-to-day running of the offices. They are also responsible for the management of staff housing and facilities that contribute to the smooth running of embassies abroad.
To enter the corps of diplomats in Spain you have to pass some competitive examinations and have a university degree of higher degree (the specialization is indifferent). The opposition test also includes a language test.