Saltar al contenido

How to eliminate bullying, according to UNESCO

marzo 31, 2021

Training teachers and empowering students to prevent and reduce bullying are some of the suggestions proposed by the agency in the report Behind the numbers: Ending school violence and bullying

The bullying is a problem that affects one in three students worldwide, notes the UNESCO in your last report Behind the numbers: Ending school violence and bullying (Behind the Numbers: Ending School Violence and Bullying), recently presented within the framework of World Education Forum 2019, held last week in London with the presence of Ministers of Education from around the world.

One third of male and female students between the ages of 8 and 24 (32%) have been psychologically bullied by their peers at school at least once in the last month and a similar proportion has been affected by physical violence, explains this study, which also warns that sexual harassment is the second most common form of violence. bullying.

This report has been compiled from a wide range of qualitative and quantitative sources of information, including international surveys, a literature review, and case studies. In total, information from about 144 countries and regional territories is analyzed.

The publication analyzes the nature and impact of violence and bullying, the trends and the Actions that some countries have developed to successfully eradicate them.

8 recommendations to reduce bullying and 6 success factors

UNESCO assures that, despite the school violence registered worldwide, significant progress has been made to reduce or contain it..

“We are greatly encouraged that almost half of the countries for which data is available over time have reduced rates of school violence and bullying“, Has expressed Stefania Giannini, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Education, it’s a statement. “This shows that through a combination of strong political leadership and other factors such as training, collaboration, information and follow-up, we can alleviate the climate of fear created by bullying and violence.”

The countries that have been able to reduce this problem have in common a series of factors that have contributed to the success of its reduction. These are:

  1. Commitment to promote a safe school climate and classroom environment and positive
  2. Effective reporting systems and monitoring of school violence and bullying
  3. Programs and evidence-based interventions
  4. Training and support for teachers
  5. Backup and orientation to affected students
  6. Student empowerment and participation

Based on the analysis of these factors, UNESCO proposes recommendations to reduce the bullying:

  1. Ensure the existence of legislation to safeguard children’s rights and that policies are formalized and complied with to prevent and respond to bullying.
  2. Improve the availability of accurate and reliable information on the problem and implement prevention and eradication projects based on research evidence.
  3. Train and support teachers to prevent and respond to bullying.
  4. Promote projects to eradicate school violence that involve and commit the entire educational community, including students, teachers, school personnel, parents, and local authorities.
  5. Provide information and support to students so they can speak freely if they are bullied and deal with the problem.
  6. Promote student participation to prevent and respond to school violence and bullying.
  7. Give priority to supporting children who are especially vulnerable to bullying, either because of their race, ethnicity, disability, gender or sexual orientation.
  8. Establish a complaints system and advisory mechanisms for those affected.

Eradicating bullying is extremely important to UNESCO, as it has a significant negative effect on mental health, the quality of life and the academic performance of boys and girls.

Students who experience these harassments are almost three times more likely to feel like strangers at school and more than twice as many skip classes as those who are not bulliedsays the report. What’s more, get worse educational results and they are also more likely to drop out of formal education after finishing high school.

What is bullying for UNESCO?

UNESCO describes in its study that it should be considered as bullying both the physical, psychological violence What sexual.

Physical attacks, physical fighting, corporal punishment and physical harassment are part of the physical violence, according to the report.

The psychological violence includes verbal abuse, emotional abuse, social and psychological exclusion, and bullying.

The sexual violence It includes both the attempt and the accomplishment of sexual acts without consent, unwanted contact and sexual harassment.

Image: Freepik

The global panorama of bullying

In addition to these recommendations, UNESCO presents in its report an x-ray of bullying worldwide, which highlights which regions are more prone to each type of harassment and what are its general causes, among other interesting data …

Psychological harassment predominates in Europe

In its report, UNESCO highlights that Physical school violence is the most frequent form in most of the regions analyzed for the study, followed by sexual harassment.

Among all types of bullying, bullying is more common in the United States, Canada, and Europe, countries of high economic development, according to the report.

Sub-Saharan Africa, with 48.2% of minors affected, followed by North Africa with 42.7% and the Middle East with 41.1% constitute the regions of the world where the most children are bullied in all its forms.

The Caribbean is the second region in the world with the highest rates of physical violence: 38% of the students in that part of the world have been involved in a fight and almost 34% have suffered a physical attack.

Physical appearance, the most common cause of bullying

Boys and girls who are perceived as “different” by their peers are more likely to be bullied, according to the study results. In fact, the majority of students surveyed believe that physical appearance is the most common cause of bullying, followed by race, nationality, and skin color.

Gay students are most at risk of being victims of school violence, along with those who do not comply with gender stereotypes, such as “effeminate” boys or “masculine” girls. “For example, in New Zealand, gay, lesbian and bisexual students are three times more likely to be bullied, and transsexuals five times more than their heterosexual peers,” the study notes.

Physical bullying at school, more frequent among children

The form of bullying depends on gender, since lBoys suffer more physical violence, while girls are victims of psychological harassment. In addition, online and mobile harassment is also increasing, says the report, which affects more female students.

Did you know…?

At the World Education Forum, where the UNESCO report was presented, the #END Violence Youth Manifesto which summarizes the ideas and commitments of more than 100 young people around the world to end violence in schools.

Among the commitments of the participants, it stands out to be more tolerant towards the diversity of others, to always report violence when it occurs and to carry out their own initiatives to promote unity and mutual respect among all students.

The World Education Forum has also presented Global Education Monitoring Report 2019 (World Education Monitoring Report 2019) also prepared by UNESCO and which this year focuses on how countries guarantee the right of migrant and refugee children to quality education.

Image: Freepik