Political Sciences, Sociology, Law and Economics are some of the careers that those who want to dedicate themselves to politics tend to study, although they also need transversal skills such as communication, stress management and tolerance for criticism
Communication and public speaking are key to exercising as a politician (Image: Moncloa).
Have you followed the last presidential campaign in the United States? Would you like to be the one to manage the coronavirus crisis in our country or decide in what to invest public money through budgets? If you are interested in politics and want to dedicate yourself to it in a professional way, at Educaweb we explain what can you study to become a politician or politician.
First of all, it must be clarified that currently the law does not oblige you to have certain studies to dedicate yourself to politics. Now, this does not mean that you do not need to train. Quite the contrary. You need to prepare, and conscientiously. “Every ruler must have a specific training to hold a political position. Because said person has an assigned role of great responsibility and requires specific and extensive knowledge to be able to occupy that public position that meets the different social demands “, says Aran Solé Barjau, sociologist at the Col·legi de Politòlegs i Sociòlegs de Catalunya COLPIS).
Christian Moreno Lara, director of the Legal area and International Academic Head of the International University of Valencia (VIU), explains it with a metaphor: “We cannot conduct an orchestra if we cannot read a score. And if we try, as is unfortunately done, the melody that results is not going to be the one the public has chosen / voted to hear at all. “
Specific training, very important. Now, what studies should be taken to acquire the knowledge, skills and attitudes that the person who wants to dedicate himself to politics should possess? Read on and find out!
The most common careers to dedicate to politics
Many politicians and politicians have reached the top of their careers through different university degrees. Among the most common, Political Science and Sociology, Law and Economics and Business Administration stand out. However, these basic knowledge must be complemented with others, as suggested by the different experts consulted by Educaweb.
To work as a politician or politician you have to know “analyze and interpret political, economic, legal and social reality and understand situations of change, as well as understanding the structure and functioning of political and legal institutions, public administrations and political systems “, explains Víctor Renobell Santarén, coordinator of the degree in Political Science and Public Management at the International University of La Rioja (UNIR) .
Know the bases of democracy and understanding the historical dimension of political and social processes and their current repercussions are other important aspects to be a politician, adds Renobell.
For his part, the representative of the VIU, Moreno Lara, reiterates the importance of legal and economic training, as well as international relations in the training of political professionals in positions of maximum responsibility: “A president is called to manage the public resources of a nation and to be the guarantor of good foreign relations, especially in the globalized world in which we live and which will be increasingly prominent. “
The COLPIS political scientist considers that, in addition to the knowledge mentioned above, it is important for a politician to have health training: “We have had a public health system for many years that, with the increase in life expectancy and the aging of the population increasingly in an ascending line, requires a management with in-depth knowledge of social security, state, local, regional and provincial health “.
The transversal competences to be a good politician
Specific knowledge is very important in order to make decisions quickly, effectively and efficiently, but there are also a number of transversal competences Without which it would be very difficult to become a great politician or politician. Get to know them and get ready to be the best candidate!
1. Communication and public speaking
A politician must master the art of communication and oratory, that is, “must be able to communicate decisions to citizens clearly and consistently, so that everyone sees their proposals as necessary “, explains Christian Moreno, director of the Legal area and International Academic Head of the VIU.
The coordinator of the Degree in Political Sciences and Public Management of the UNIR, Víctor Renobell, clarifies the idea, since it is necessary to be able to “transmit information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialized and non-specialized audiences.”
2. Negotiation techniques and tolerance for criticism
Related to the previous competition, is the art of negotiation, that is, “know how to negotiate, agree and dialogue in order to carry out public policies, as well as to be able to approve or take the different measures and decisions that are given with the maximum possible political and institutional consensus “, points out Aran Solé, from COLPIS.
This transversal competence also implies the listening skills, empathy and the ability to tolerate criticism, on and off your team. And even this competition should be fostered within the family itself, Moreno adds: “I think this point is key to make it extend to those you love most. It should be remembered that it is not a dish of good taste for a mother to have to listen to opinions in the media. fierce criticism and mockery towards the personal or, worse still, having to observe a graffiti insulting your daughter or son on the way to the market “.
3. Change and stress management
Every professional in politics is under great pressure, which generates a high level of stress. That is why a good politician “has to know how to manage the frustration of working under pressure,” advises the VIU representative.
Is competition has become more necessary even in the VUCA environment (Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous) in which we move, where everything can change radically in a very short time, adds Christian Moreno.
In fact, the ability to manage time and solve problems are recommended skills for people who occupy leadership positions, such as politicians, as reflected in the Occupational Outlook Handbook, a consultation tool developed by the Department of Labor of the United States Government.
4. Honesty and ethics
Finally, but not last, it is found honesty, ethics, thinking about the common good and not just the best for oneself. “The most important is transparency in management and honesty. All politicians should have this characteristic to avoid lies, fraud and extortion. In this way, decisions and projects would be fair. In addition, no work would be done to obtain , only, power and prestige “, argues the representative of VIU.
In fact, the sources consulted highlight the importance of those who dedicate themselves to politics knowing capture the needs of the citizens they represent and knowing how to satisfy them. Of course, always with a critical spirit and without falling into “hasty, risky decisions, or populist measures that may lead to protests, riots, or any type of social conflict,” says the COLPIS political scientist.
Do you want to know more about the profession of politician or politics? Then keep reading the explanation that you will find in the Educaweb Professions Dictionary. Remember also that in the Dictionary of Studies you will find detailed information on the main studies related to politics from a guiding perspective.
If you are not sure if the policy is for you, remember that you can start a self-knowledge process through Educaweb. And if you are already clear that being a politician is your thing, consult our course search engine to find the training you need.
Did you know…?
- The President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, he has a Bachelor of Science Economical and Business Studies, and also studied a Master’s Degree in European Union Economics and a Diploma in Advanced Studies in European Economic and Monetary Integration. He is also a doctor in Economics, according to the Moncloa website.
- Carmen Calvo, First Vice President of the Government, has a degree in Right Public and the doctorate in Constitutional Law.
- Pablo Iglesias, second vice president of the Government, he has a degree in Law and Politic science and has obtained a doctorate in Political Science. In addition, he has a master’s degree in Humanities and another in Communication.