What are the strategies of learning
When we decide learn or increase our knowledge on a subject, the objective is do it in the most effective way; and to achieve this it is necessary to know and handle the different learning strategies.
Knowing what learning strategies are and how they can help us acquire new knowledge is essential to get the most out of our study hours.
Therefore, to begin with, it is important to understand What are the strategies of learning. In reality, they are nothing but a set of activities, procedures and resources that we use consciously to achieve specific learning objectives. We reflectively use one strategy or another depending on what we want to achieve.
The truth is that study techniques and strategies are closely linked because a learning strategy cannot be effective if the learning techniques are not previously known and mastered.
Study skills are specific acts or tasks that a person performs to learn. They are techniques, for example, the underlining of texts, the elaboration of diagrams, the concept maps or the summary.
In short, learning strategies guide and help a student find the most effective way to learn.
Types of learning strategies
There are different types of learning strategies, but common ones include the following:
Creation of links. To learn a new subject, what you do is make connections between what is already known and what is new. In this way, what we have not yet acquired or assimilated it integrates more quickly in our mind because we relate it with something we already know. When studying with this type of learning strategy it is common create analogies or describe concisely how the new material is related to that which is already familiar to us. Using this strategy the student take notes, summarize, or answer questions.
Structuring. Consists in organize content so that its acquisition is easier for us and so that we assimilate and anchor this knowledge well. It is a task that is quite effective because by structuring the subject we are already carrying out an analysis and understanding exercise. To put this learning strategy into practice, it is very common to perform summaries, underlines, outlines or mind maps that contain the key concepts.
Conscious repetition of content. The method of work through the repetition of content consists of the person who is studying assimilating a certain subject, repeating the content verbally or in writing. This repetition aware It helps matter to gradually integrate into our mind. Some examples of the repeat strategy are repeat key terms aloud, copy the most important concepts or mark them in a text.
Review of what was acquired. This strategy requires that the person who is studying or learning something explain in your own words what you have learned and consciously review everything you are doing to gain that knowledge. That is to say, that you analyze and evaluate what you know and what you still need to learn. It involves a sincere evaluation exercise on the success achieved and what remains to be done. From this data you can make a planning that allows you to direct your behavior towards the goal that has been set.