The different types of personality define the way people behave and act.
For many years many specialists have searched the human mind to find out the different types of personality that human beings can have. The goal is to have greater self-knowledge; This way we can improve our skills, take advantage of the abilities and skills we have, while we can control and work on those in which we are not so good.
One of the most renowned specialists in the field of personality type research is the German-born behavioral psychologist Hans Jürgen Eysenck. His theory is based on psychology and genetics. For them different personality types are largely determined by genetic inheritance. This does not mean that it does not value the importance and influence of the habits learned in the formation of the personality, it is only that it focuses more on what is related to the so-called temperament. That is, with what is innate or natural to the person.
The dimensions of temperament
According to Eysenck’s main research, there are two dimensions of temperament that define the personality types of individuals: extraversion-introversion and neuroticism. These are some of the main characteristics of each one of them.
- Extroversion-introversion. For the German psychologist in this group are people with a resistant mind and who are more interested and focused on the outside; that is, those we normally call extroverts. But their opposites are also within this group, the introverts, the people with a more sensitive mind and who are more focused on the inside.
Eysenck’s hypotheses said that individuals are in one way or another according to the excitation or inhibition capacity of their brain. Arousal is understood as an expectant state, when we are alert, while inhibition would respond to a state of the brain of greater relaxation or even blocking. This last behavior occurs to protect us against excessive stimulation.
This distinction allows, therefore, to draw two types of personality based on their interests, qualities and ways of behaving.
The extroverts They are generally sociable people, who like to be in contact with other people, what’s more, they need them to feel good. They look for changes, try new experiences. They are optimistic, empathetic, cheerful, spontaneous and impulsive people. They have leadership skills, they like to work in a team, they are people of action who take risks and give a quick response. But they can also be aggressive, abrupt, and have little tolerance for frustration.
One of the characteristics of extroverts is that when faced with a complicated or even traumatic situation, they activate a part of their brain that acts as an “erasure” of what they do not like. In this way, they continue their life without major problem.
On the other hand, individuals with introverted personality They are people who like to lead an orderly, calm and relaxed life. They control their feelings more, they focus more on themselves and on a small circle of friends. They flee from large gatherings. In general, high levels of stimulation overwhelm them. They need their moments of solitude. They are more thoughtful people who calmly ponder their actions, they are conscientious and good observers. These characteristics do not mean that they are shy or afraid, it is just that they are more reserved.
Another of their peculiarities is that in a traumatic situation their brain does not protect them fast enough, they do not inhibit themselves and they remember it in great detail. Something that will influence their subsequent behavior.
- Neuroticism. The other dimension that Eysenck distinguishes is neuroticism, to which individuals with more nervous personalities and a tendency to feel anxiety belong.
The German psychologist believed that all people have a certain degree of neuroticism. That is, more emotionally stable people also have neuroticism traits, what happens is that in some individuals the degree is constantly more pronounced.
In these cases, people are characterized by having a more unstable personality, by presenting strong mood swings and by quickly feeling insecure. All this makes them people who worry excessively, who are in almost continuous tension and who are more susceptible. It is also characteristic of this type of personality to have a greater tendency to shyness, sadness and have low self-esteem or self-confidence. But that’s not why you should discriminate against anyone or make a partner have a hard time. To see if this happens in your work, we have the main characteristics that you must take into account to identify and avoid it.