University teachings are structured based on the ECTS credit system introduced by the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) since 1999. ECTS credits (European Credit Transfer System) are the learning units that allow organizing the academic activity of an official university training.
Each credit includes approximately between 25 and 30 hours of work by the student, counting the hours of class, study hours, tutorials, etc.
To each subject in the curriculum of a university degree you are awarded a number of credits depending on the importance given to it in the whole of the degree. Usually one full academic year of university degree comprises 60 ECTS credits.
The credit recognition It implies the acceptance by the university of validating ECTS credits for obtaining a university degree from other teachings, professional experiences or activities.
Each university has a different credit recognition system, so it is important that you consult in detail the alternatives available to you according to your particular case.
In addition, the application for credit recognition is usually made in a specific period established in the administrative academic calendar. Therefore, it is recommended that you inform yourself in advance of the dates on which you must submit the application and the documentation you need to make it effective.
Keep in mind that the management of the application, as well as the incorporation of the recognized credits in the academic record, are usually accompanied by a Economic cost determined.
In general terms, in undergraduate studies you can request the recognition of ECTS credits if you accredit knowledge obtained by any of the following ways:
Higher degree training cycles (CFGS)
If you are in possession of a title of senior professional training technician linked to branch of knowledge to which the university degree you are studying belongs, you can request the recognition of credits of the training cycle and validate some subjects of the career. At least 15% of the credits corresponding to basic training subjects of said branch will be recognized. The maximum of recognizable credits will depend on each university, but generally it is around 60 credits.
Before requesting the recognition of credits, it is recommended to consult the correspondence between subjects of the CFGS and those of the official degree studies. You can find the equivalence tables in the portals of the universities. In them, in addition to the correspondence of the subjects, you will be able to see the number of recognized credits.
It is important that you bear in mind that the recognized credits will not count for the purposes of grading the file, that is, no grade will be assigned to the validated subject, but the qualification of “apt” will consist and it will imply the overcoming of this.
Previous university education
In the case of having passed official university studies at the same university or any other in the country, you can request the recognition of credits if the degree you are studying admits it.
The recognition of credits will be carried out taking into account the equivalence between the competences and the training contents of previous studies and new studies. For this, it is recommended to attach in the application the study plan, the personal academic certificate or the academic record showing the training passed and the grade obtained, among other documents.
In this case, it will remain the original grade in the recognized subjectsTherefore, if you obtained a 7 in one of the subjects, this grade will be taken into account in the calculation of the scale of the new file.
Keep in mind that the credits corresponding to the Final Degree Project (TFG) will be excluded from being recognized and, therefore, can never be validated.
Unofficial (own titles)
The credits of own titles can also be recognized, but unlike official titles, the qualification that will appear in the file will be of “apt” and in the application you must provide more documentation. Universities offer information about this on their web pages.
International mobility programs
The training courses or internships taken in international mobility programs, whether at the universities themselves or the Erasmus + program, can be recognized in the academic record.
Depending on the mobility program, you will be able to recognize one or more types of subjects (basic, compulsory or optional). Therefore, it is important that before enrolling in the host university, check carefully which subjects you can take that are validated in your degree.
Usually, the viability of recognition is higher in the optative subjects because the validation is easier for the centers. The basic or compulsory subjects require that the contents be comparable in both study plans (that of the host university and that of the home university) and, therefore, the procedure may be more complex.
The grade obtained in each subject will be transferred to your file according to the table of equivalences of the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training.
Work and professional experience
If you have work and professional experience accredited and related to the competences of the university degree, you can request its recognition provided that a series of requirements are met, which will depend on each center and degree.
Recognized credits will count for the purpose of obtaining the official title, that is, no qualification will be incorporated. In some universities, these credits are computed as practices of the degree specifying that they have been validated. A maximum of 15% of the credits of the study plan can be recognized.
Universities may recognize credits for language accreditation, presenting a certificate indicating that a specific level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) has been passed. The titles of languages to be recognized will vary depending on the center. However, all certificates from official language schools, language services of the universities themselves and other recognized entities in this field are usually accepted.
The maximum number of recognizable credits per foreign language certificates It will depend on each institution and the level that is accredited.
Finally, you can also opt for the recognition of credits for participating in sports, cultural, solidarity or cooperation activities and student representation. By carrying out these types of activities, a maximum of 6 credits may be recognized.
Each university establishes its offer of activities. These can be organized by the universities themselves, attached centers or external institutions, but they must be endorsed by the corresponding university service.