What are study habits?
The Study habits They are behaviors that are practiced regularly with the aim of improving the ability to acquire and consolidate knowledge.
The implementation of good Study habits positively influences the achievement of academic success of a student, whether he is preparing for public competitions or if he is in compulsory or post-compulsory education.
Study habits to achieve better results
Set a schedule. As much as possible, always try to study in the same period of time. For example, you can study in the afternoons from 5:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. You can also use the free moments to review, but it is recommended that the subject that requires more effort be focused on a specific time.
Create a study plan. Before you start studying, create a study plan. Set the goals you want to achieve and organize the content that you will study in the following days, weeks or months, as well as the time that you will dedicate to each one.
To rest. For your brain to function properly, it is important to get a good night’s sleep for 7-8 hours. During the study it is also recommended to take short breaks to disconnect and regain energy.
Study in a suitable space. Having a specific place with the right conditions to study will allow you to concentrate and perform better. It should be an orderly, quiet, well-lit and comfortable space.
- Avoid distractions. When you are studying, it is preferable to minimize possible distractions, such as mobile notifications or the sound of the television.
- Review regularly. Spread the study sessions over several days to progress gradually. In this way you can better consolidate the learning by trying to remember and review what was previously studied. You can also review your notes at the end of each class to identify possible doubts to solve with your teachers or classmates.
- Adapt the study methodology to the type of test. Not all exams require the same form of study. For example, an exam where you must develop a theme requires a very well structured study, that goes from the general to the particular, prioritizing having a joint vision of the subject and a well-defined structure. However, the multiple choice exams, where the questions can be about any detail, it is convenient to prepare them cumulatively, to go assimilating the cascading concepts, remembering more and more things as we go over the subjects.
- Employ study techniques. There are many study techniques that facilitate learning. You can find different modalities (written, visual, auditory, etc.). Therefore, below you will find some recommendations that will help you improve your comprehension, memorization and academic performance process.
Study techniques proposals
There are no fixed rules when selecting which are the best or most effective study techniques, since it is a question that depends on each person. One student may find the use of study cards particularly effective, while another may prefer to base their work on underlining or concept maps.
Another interesting aspect of study techniques is that they do not involve only the visual and auditory areas, otherwise also writing with the aim of reducing dispersion or making it evident to the student himself.
Here is a selection of study techniques that the experience of many students has shown to be effective:
Read comprehensively and underline. One of the easiest study techniques is to read and highlight the most important parts of a syllabus. It is simply a matter of highlighting the most significant parts of the text using fluorescent markers of different colors. It is an ideal way to proceed when beginning the study.
Schematics or concept maps. Summarizing and organizing ideas synthetically in handwriting or using the computer will allow you to consolidate your knowledge and make it easy to review it.
Study sheets. It is a more laborious technique, but very effective for subjects such as History, Chemistry or Geography because they allow to assimilate specific data, dates, numbers or vocabulary. There are quality free computer applications to facilitate the creation of index cards.
Mnemonic rules. Memory techniques are useful for remembering a list of specific words or phrases. It is basically based on associating concepts that we have to memorize with others that are more familiar to us. An example would be the made-up word “FECTES” to remember the different types of unemployment: Frictional, Seasonal, Cyclical, Technological, Structural, and Structural Shock.
Explain what you have learned. Trying to transmit to another person what you have learned in your own words is one of the most effective strategies for that learning to be consolidated in memory.
Remember that acquiring study habits and learning to use study techniques correctly requires practice and go through a progressive learning process. For this reason, it is important that you are clear about your goals and be persistent.