The job interview It is the phase of the selection process where the interviewer thoroughly analyzes the candidate to verify their suitability for the position offered. The applicant should take the opportunity to highlight that he is the most qualified for the job.
For the interview to be a success, it is important to prepare. In this section you will find all the keys to the job interview:
- Directed interview. The interviewer asks concrete and very specific questions of the interviewee, leaving little room for answers.
- Semi-directed interview. The interviewer asks specific questions but leaves some open in which the interviewee can present the subject freely and spontaneously. In this way, the interviewer can also observe how he mentally organizes himself.
- Group interview. Between six and ten candidates are summoned, a group situation simulation is made in which a topic has to be debated to reach conclusions. The objective of this interview is to obtain information on the capacity of relationship and behavior of the candidates in a group.
The three main phases in which an employment interview is structured are:
- Presentation. It is the initial moment, in which you introduce yourself to the interviewer and he briefly explains the job position. At this point, be interested and determined.
- Developing. The recruiter wants to know the details of your training, your professional experience, your skills, etc. Take advantage of this moment to show the best image of yourself. It is very important that you remember well the data and dates that appear on your resume and be clear about the aspects you want to highlight, what are the skills you have and what differentiate you from others, and why you think you are ideal for this job.
- Closing. At the time of closing is when you can ask some questions about the job and the company (hours, type of contract, salary, etc.) or clarify any point that you have not understood.
Key aspects for a successful interview
|Aspects to consider before the interview||Negative aspects to avoid|
The good attitude of the candidate is one of the keys to success, as an interviewee you must:
- To be on time.
- Show enthusiasm.
- Dress appropriately.
- To be nice.
- Know how to listen.
- Express yourself correctly.
- Keep attention.
- Show yourself positive.
- Be yourself.
- Be dynamic.
10 reasons that can spoil an interview
- Not have the knowledge necessary for the job to be filled.
- Be unable to express yourself clearly and concisely.
- Not having you minimally prepared the interview: your presentation, the knowledge of the company regarding the sector …
- Show apparent disinterest In the course of the interview that can be associated with the job title and also the company.
- Show yourself overly confident of yourself or being arrogant or even aggressive.
- Be excessively shy: do not look into the eyes, answer only with monosyllables.
- Introduce yourself with a wrong look, little care or little clean.
- Do superficial comments or risky value judgments.
- Not being able to justify all elements of the curriculum vitae.
- Seem too much inflexible or little adaptable to the situation of the company.
How to prepare an interview
The interviewers will make you questions about your training, professional experience and skills, in order to assess whether you are the right person for the job.
They often pose questions to delve into the weakest aspects of your resume. Here are the keys to adequately answer some of the more difficult questions.
Questions related to your training and experience
|“Do you think you have enough training for the position?”||It transmits that you always worry about being informed and up to date, that you know the sector. Take the opportunity to show that you have acquired knowledge thanks to your experience. Be open to expanding your training and highlight the importance of professional retraining.|
|“I see you have no experience?”||Value your knowledge related to the job and the will to be able to apply it. Highlight other activities you have done, such as volunteering.|
|“Why have you been off work for so long?”||Try to be positive and not fall into phrases like “I have not found a job.” Show how you have made the most of your time during this time of unemployment, taking courses, volunteering, etc. Highlight your interest in the company and the job and your immediate availability for incorporation.|
|“How do you deal with urgent or stressful situations?”||First of all, we recommend that you highlight the planning and organization of work as a key factor to avoid stressful situations. Second, show yourself as a person capable of overcoming these situations and give an example of a problem that you have successfully solved in previous jobs.|
|“What is your weakest point?”||Give a general answer that is related to some positive aspect or that is easily overcome in relation to work, but avoid falling into the cliché of “I’m too much of a perfectionist.” Differentiate yourself from others by mixing defects with virtues. For example: “I strongly defend my position if I think I am right, but I am able to adapt if the team decides to do things differently.”|
|“What is your strongest point?”||There are a number of positive characteristics for any job position (ability to adapt to change, ease of learning, etc.), but we recommend that you think about the profile they are looking for for that specific position. For example, if the job involves working in front of the public, you can highlight aspects such as security and confidence in yourself, a positive attitude or people skills.|
Questions related to the company or the position
|“Why did you apply for this offer?”||You can approach the answer from different angles. Some examples are:
– The offer fits with your professional profile and expectations.
– You know the company and it has always been your goal.
– This position represents an advance in your professional career.
|“Why do you want to work in this company?”||In order to answer this question, it is necessary that you know the company, the services or the products it offers … and relate it to your professional interests. A good example is to show your commitment to the company by stating that you feel identified with the mission and values.|
|“What salary do you want to earn?”||Often times, the salary is already set by the organization and the recruiter informs you of what you are going to receive during the interview, but they may want to know your expectations. To answer this question, it is important that you inform yourself of the gross annual remuneration in similar positions and companies and request a realistic salary.
If the topic does not come up during the interview, it is one of the topics you can address when asking yourself if you have any questions.
|“Why did you quit your last job? / Why do you want to change jobs?”||To answer this question, avoid disqualifying your previous company or job position and focus on the opportunities for improvement that the new position offers you. Some examples are: “I want to advance in my professional career and my previous job did not allow it”; “I am looking for a job that allows me to apply my knowledge”; “I want to work in a company that allows me to train”, etc.|
Although they shouldn’t, some selection processes may include some personal questions. Here are some keys to answer them:
|“Do you think you would fit in a younger / older team?”||The interviewer may consider that your age does not fit the profile they are looking for, but if they have called you to the interview it is because they are really interested in you. If you are a very young person, highlight the desire to work, the motivation, the opportunity to learn, etc. If you are a person with more experience, highlight the responsibility, the added value that your professional career implies, flexibility and adaptation to change, etc.|
|“Do you have children? How do you reconcile work and family life?” “||If they ask you these types of questions, explain that your personal situation has never influenced your career or your professional abilities.
Whether you are single or if you have a family, show interest in the position and suggest that your performance, dedication, availability will not be affected by your personal life. If you have a family, highlight how organization and planning are part of your day-to-day life. You can also suggest that your family situation makes you stable and committed.
|“What do you like to do in your free time?”||Although there are no correct answers to this question, think about the professional profile they are looking for. For example, if the position requires concentration and autonomy, highlight those of your hobbies that show these skills, such as painting, reading, cooking, sports such as cycling, swimming, etc. If the position requires teamwork, highlight the most collective sports such as soccer, tennis, basketball, etc. If you are looking for a creative person, music, writing, traveling, etc. stand out.|
Interviewers often ask some open-ended questions to test your responsiveness. If you prepare possible answers, you will be able to face the selection process with more confidence. Some examples are:
|Self-knowledge||How would you describe yourself?
What events in your life do you consider to have been decisive in shaping your personality?
What has been the most important stage of your life?
What do you do when you get bored?
What is the book that has impressed you the most?
If you could choose a profession, regardless of earning a living, which would you choose?
What is the social / political problem that worries you the most?
|Training||What subject did you like the most / least?
Would you study the same again?
Do you plan to continue studying? That?
What training do you think you need to feel fully accomplished professionally?