The criminologist, with a significant interdisciplinary training, faces the problems derived from crime that originate in the current social context. Therefore, it is the professional who designs strategies for the prevention and repression of the criminal phenomenon, having the skills to understand crime in general, the offender, the victim, and existing crime control methods.
The profile of the criminologist and the skills required
The criminologist is a scientist with a critical attitude and committed to social problems, capable of applying his knowledge interpreting, analyzing and synthesizing reality both individually and collectively. A profile that is also defined by special capabilities of argumentation, negotiation, mediation and conflict resolution. Thus, it is the Degree in Criminology the degree offered by the training aimed at the design, application and evaluation of criminal behavior and antisocial behaviors in general. Degree that is usually accessed from the Baccalaureate of Humanities and Social Sciences or the Baccalaureate of Science and Technology (Health Sciences branch), requiring training and interest in the social sciences and empirical disciplines.
Between the specific competences of the profession we can point out:
- Develop its activity in an empirical and interdisciplinary way, and always taking into account the principles and legal and regulatory provisions.
- Efficiently and effectively use investigative techniques that allow you to analyze and evaluate crime.
- Place the criminal problem in an appropriate personal, social and legal context, being able to diagnose the situation and apply criminological theories to design the best action strategy.
- Design, implement and evaluate security and intervention policies and measures to prevent crime and assist victims.
- Inform and advise on crime prevention systems and policies.
- Inform and advise on criminal measures.
- Negotiate and apply conflict resolution techniques.
Career opportunities and related professions
Although criminologist training does not qualify for a specifically regulated profession, it does open the way to occupations that are related to the discipline itself. This is the case of the State security bodies and forces, the civil service, the field of private security and counseling in general. We see in more detail:
- The police force in general and that of civil servants and labor personnel of penitentiary institutions in relation to reporting and acting as specialists in technical meetings and teams. Likewise, the actions of the criminologist in this prison environment are diverse: surveillance and alternative criminal measures, reports and proposals that have to do with decision-making at the level of permits, conditional release, deprivation of rights or other prison benefits, etc.
- Administration of justice and attention to victims and minors: counseling, victimological reports, mediation and conciliation, execution and control of measures such as probation, etc.
- Private security, designing and managing security policies and training staff.
- Advise in criminological matters to private companies (insurance, banking …). And carry out surveys, compile statistics and process databases to prepare reports.
- Criminal expert: preparation of expert reports to provide them as documentary evidence in legal proceedings.
- Teaching and research in public and private institutions.
In addition to the above, the criminology professional is in a position to complement other professions that require training or information on criminological topics: medicine, sociology, psychology, etc.