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What is selectivity? –

marzo 31, 2021

What is selectivity?

The Baccalaureate Assessment for University Access (EBAU or EvAU), also known as selectivity, Its purpose is to assess, with objective character, the academic maturity of the student, as well as the knowledge and skills acquired in the Baccalaureate and your ability to continue with the official university degree studies.

You can take the university entrance exam if you have a Bachelor’s degree. In the case of taking a Higher Degree Training Cycle, you can take the specific phase of the test to raise the grade (up to 4 points) if you do not have enough grade to access the university.
The entrance test is adapted to the subjects studied in the Baccalaureate and is carried out at the public university that corresponds to the center where this stage has been completed.

What does the test consist of?

The test is structured in two phases: the general phase and the specific phase.

General phase

It is made up of compulsory subjects and one of the second year of Baccalaureate modality. It is the phase that you must do if you come from these studies. It consists of the following exercises:

  • The first exercise consists of the comment of a non-specialized and informative text, related to the capacities and contents of the subject of Spanish Language and Literature II.
  • The second exercise focuses on the capacities and contents of the subject of History of Spain.
  • The third exercise will be Foreign Language II (English, French, German, Italian or Portuguese), in order to assess oral and reading comprehension, and oral and written expression.
  • The fourth exercise will deal with the contents of a modality matter of Baccalaureate (called modality core subject) that varies depending on the modality studied:
    • Arts: Fundamentals of Art II
    • Humanities and Social Sciences, Humanities itinerary: Latin II
    • Humanities and Social Sciences, Social Sciences itinerary: Mathematics applied to Social Sciences II
    • Science: Mathematics II
  • The fifth exercise is for those Autonomous Communities with another official language.

Each exercise consists of a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 15 questions and has a maximum duration of an hour and a half to carry out the exercises. You can use any of the official languages ​​of the Autonomous Community in which the exam center is located (except in language tests).

Specific phase

You can take any of the modality matters Baccalaureate (up to a maximum of 4, except in the Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Navarra, where a maximum of 3 subjects is allowed).

The exercises of each one of the chosen subjects consist of the written answer to a series of questions appropriate to the type of knowledge and abilities that must be evaluated.

This phase is optional and serves to raise the grade. The core subjects of choice according to the modality of Baccalaureate taken are:

Arts Sciences Humanities and Social Sciences
– Performing Arts
– Audiovisual Culture II
– Design
– Biology
– Technical Drawing II
– Physical
– Geology
– Chemistry
– Business Economics
– Geography
– Greek II
– History of art
– History of Philosophy

You can also examine yourself in a second foreign language different from the one you have taken as a subject in the block of core subjects. The qualification obtained can be taken into account by the universities in their admission procedures.

Besides, the modality core subject You can also weight to raise the admission grade. Namely, the grade obtained can count twice, one for the general phase and another for the specific phase, provided that it has been passed (minimum 5) in the current or previous year.

The duration of each exercise is an hour and a half and you can use any of the official languages ​​of the Autonomous Community in which the center where you are taking the exam is located (except in language tests).


Annually are held two calls and you can present yourself in successive calls to improve the grade of the general phase or of any of the subjects of the specific phase.

Overcoming the general phase It has indefinite validity and the grades obtained in the specific phase It has valid for the next two academic years to the passing of the tests.

How is the selectivity mark calculated?

The access note, a term used in a large number of autonomous communities, refers to the result obtained from the 60% of the Baccalaureate average and the 40% of the general phase selectivity.

Qualification of the general phase:

Each of the exercises is scored from 0 to 10 points, with three decimal places. The qualification of the general phase is the arithmetic mean of the qualifications of all the exercises expressed with a numerical value from 0 to 10. To pass the general phase, the minimum grade of the average must be equal to or greater than 4 points.

To the access note are added the two best qualifications of the modality subjects of the specific phase, in the event that said subjects are linked to the branch of knowledge of the degree to which you want to be admitted. The grades obtained are multiplied by the corresponding weighting parameter (0.1 or 0.2) according to the subject that is considered most suitable for taking the university degree.

Qualification of the specific phase:

Each of the subjects that the student examines in this phase is scored from 0 to 10 points, with two decimal places. The subject is considered passed when a grade equal to or greater than 5 points is obtained.

The selectivity note or admission note is formed by the access note and the qualifications of the modality subjects weighted according to the corresponding coefficient.

See the detailed procedure for calculating the admission grade and weighting parameters with specific examples to understand how the tests are scored.

What can I do if I am not satisfied with my grade?

You can request the review of the grade obtained in one or more tests. The deadline for submitting these applications is three business days, counted from the date of publication of the qualifications.

The evidence on which a request for revision They are corrected by a specialist teacher other than the one who made the first correction. If there is a difference of less than two points between the two grades, the grade is the arithmetic mean of the grades obtained by the two corrections. In the event that there is a difference equal to or greater than two points, a third correction is made and the grade is the arithmetic mean of the three grades.

The evidence subject to claim They are reviewed to verify that all questions have been evaluated and have been so with a correct application of the general evaluation criteria and specific correction criteria, also checking that there are no errors in the process of calculating the final grade.

Once the review process is completed, the educational administrations adopt the resolution of the final grades and the claimant will be notified.

You can view the reviewed evidence after the review process is complete, and within ten days of notification of the review resolution.

In the case of not obtaining the sufficient grade to access the university, there is a wide variety of alternatives to take into account if this happens.

Selectivity regulations

Order PCM / 139/2020, of February 17, which determines the characteristics, design and content of the Baccalaureate assessment for access to the University, and the maximum dates of completion and resolution of the procedures of Review of the qualifications obtained in the 2019-2020 academic year.

Royal Decree-Law 5/2016, of December 9, on urgent measures for the extension of the calendar of implementation of Organic Law 8/2013 establishes that, until the entry into force of the regulations resulting from the Pact of Social and Political State For education, the evaluation of the Baccalaureate regulated in the Organic Law 2/2006, only the students who want to access the official Bachelor’s degrees will be evaluated.

Royal Decree 310/2016, of July 29, which regulates the final evaluations of Compulsory Secondary Education and Baccalaureate, establishes that the Ministry will establish through a ministerial order the characteristics, design and content of the tests of evaluation, as well as review procedures.

Royal Decree 1105/2014, of December 26, which establishes the basic curriculum for Compulsory Secondary Education and Baccalaureate.

Royal Decree 412/2014, of June 6, which establishes the basic regulations for admission procedures to official university degree courses.

Order EDU / 3242/2010, of December 9, which determines the content of the specific phase of the university entrance exam that may be taken by those who hold a title of higher professional training technician, technician Superior of Plastic Arts and Design or Superior Sports Technician and Equivalents

Organic Law 2/2006, of May 3, on Education, modified by Organic Law 8/2013, of December 9, for the improvement of educational quality, provides for individualized evaluations at the end of the Baccalaureate.

Find out about how the admission mark, cut-off marks and exam dates are calculated.