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Zoologist by profession: a natural science

marzo 31, 2021
The zoologist is a professional who studies the characteristics and habits of animals, analyzing how do they behave and how they interact with their ecosystems and finding out what impact our human behavior has on their wildlife and their natural habitat. That is, the zoologist is the one who studies the biology, evolution, behavior and life of animals both in nature (field work) and in the laboratory.

What does a zoologist do?

This professional investigates what is the origin of animals, their interrelationships, their biological cycles and how they develop and evolve. The zoologist identifies and classifies species. Grow specimens for experimental studies, studying how they develop and analyzing their diseases. And of course, he also studies them in their natural habitat to understand how they adapt to environmental effects.

In short, talk about this science of animals leads us to delimit the profession in 4 large areas of work:

  1. The morphological and anatomical description of the animal species.
  2. The internal functioning of animals: nervous, respiratory, muscular systems …
  3. The biology of the species: animal life, food, reproduction and development.
  4. The ecology of the species: how it is interrelated, its behavior and distribution.

The zoologist’s training

Today zoology is a area of ​​specialization in Biology, which is the science that studies life at all its levels, from the molecular to populations and ecosystems. A training that contemplates various approaches and, therefore, that is configured with interdisciplinary levels that guarantee very good professional opportunities.

Thus, zoology as a basic biological science, establishes the foundations and knowledge that also allow access to the specific study of animals in other areas such as physiology, ethology or ecology. Likewise, this specialty is aimed at developing skills to prepare and defend scientific reports on the matter: instrumental and applied zoology.

Finally, we can also say that the training of the zoologist in the field of animal evolution requires prior knowledge of botany, geology and genetics. And that the areas of study such as the conservation of fauna, intend that the professional have the bases to analyze and understand everything related to the recovery, conservation and management of fauna.

The transversal competences of the zoologist

Regardless of the general and specific competencies that the Degree in Biology offers to zoologists, it is important to become aware of the transversal competences that a good professional in this scientific branch must develop:

Career opportunities

The professional profile of the zoologist is multidisciplinary, and allows access to sectors traditionally occupied by biologists such as health and sanitation, research, teaching or, for example, museums. Therefore, you can exercise your activity in areas such as the following:

  • Sanitary: laboratories, public health, animal health …
  • Research and development: research centers, industries, hospitals …
  • Optimization of plant and animal resources: agriculture, cultivation of animal, plant and microbial species …
  • Information, documentation and dissemination: museums, zoos, natural parks, publishers, writer, specialized journalist, disseminator and scientific advisor …
  • Teacher in Compulsory Secondary Education, Professional Training, University …
  • Marketing and trade: marketing of products and services related to zoology.