What is a geologist?
Geology is a study that encompasses all the materials that make up the earth, the forces that act on the earth, as well as the biology of ancestral inhabitants based on fossil records. A geologist is someone who works to understand the history of the planet we live on, to better predict the future, and to explain current events.
A geologist studies terrestrial processes such as earthquakes, landslides, floods, and volcanic eruptions to examine the land and make safe building plans. When geologists investigate materials from the earth, they not only investigate metals and minerals, they also look at oil, natural gas, water, and the methods of extracting these. In general, geology deals with changes of the earth over time, such as climate change and the formation of the earth.
What does a geologist do?
All divisions of geology provide highly useful information for understanding the earth and its inhabitants. Depending on the geology major, a geologist may study and map rock formations, collect rock and fossil samples, or measure the physical properties of the earth. This helps geologists interpret active geological processes during the last million years of Earth’s history. Geology plays a vital role behind the success of many other different disciplines, such as climatology, civil engineering, and evolutionary biology.
A general geologist deals with mineralogy, geologic mapping, economic geology, and petroleum geology. Geological mapping is concerned with documenting geological formations on a map, such as rock patterns and distribution. Petroleum and economic geology deals with materials that are imported for economic or industrial purposes, such as coal, minerals, and fuel.
Geohydrologists study properties and distribution of natural groundwater reservoirs, their ability to store water, and the movement of water through reservoirs. More importantly, it will investigate the cycles of water extraction from reservoirs for human consumption, as well as replenishment by precipitation. This is a highly regarded specialization for geologists, so a high level of knowledge and experience is required.
An engineering geologist investigates the physical and chemical properties of rocks and soil. You can take this information to the construction of bridges, dams, roads and tunnels in structurally sound areas. Some civil engineering knowledge is also recommended for the civil planning aspect.
Investigating the inner workings of the earth dealing with continental plate shifting, disintegration, and collision is the job of a geophysicist. They focus on the physical properties of the materials that make up the earth, striving for a better understanding of continental formation and the processes that occur because of it (earthquakes, tsunamis, etc.). As a geophysicist, you will also focus on finding mineral deposits created by the movement of the earth and compression of materials.
Making inferences about ancestral climates and environmental conditions through the fossil record is the job of a paleontologist, a type of geologist. We can understand much more about the bygone earth thanks to these researchers analyzing deposited rock and soil layers for clues about prehistoric times. A paleontologist works with evolutionary biology, determining the factors that caused species to become extinct and which factors caused the origin of species.
What is the workplace of a geologist like?
Geologists work primarily outdoors, and can also do research inside laboratories, classrooms, and offices. Since geology deals with a lot of field work, one must be able to adapt to changing climates and different terrain.
Geologists may work for mining companies or oil and gas exploration companies. They can also find work in civil engineering companies, planning the construction of the city. Additionally, government agencies may need the help of geologists to support geoscience, education, and water issues. A geologist may also work with a variety of organizations during the period of their employment, such as non-profit organizations, universities, and nature reserve companies, or work as a consultant.
What type of geologist spends the most time outdoors?
Geologists study the rocks, minerals, and physical processes that create and change the earth’s landscape. There are several areas of geology that one can pursue, and some geologists spend more time outdoors than others.
If the outdoors is where you want to be, the exploration geologist does geological studies and prospecting for minerals that requires you to spend a lot of time outdoors.
Environmental engineers spend approximately fifty percent of their time outdoors, assisting project managers with field work and conducting environmental site assessments. Your other duties may include taking soil tests, and inspecting monitoring wells.
What is the difference between a geologist and a paleontologist?
A geologist is someone who is involved in the study of the outer layer of the earth’s crust, and who works to understand the history of the planet we live on, to better predict the future, and to explain current occurrences.
A paleontologist, on the other hand, examines the fossil remains in many types of organisms on the earth’s surface to study primitive life (these organisms can be plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, etc.)